Spain Case farm 1

See the sustainability assessment for this farm (Pdf)

Goat farm amidst the orange and lemon trees

This dairy goat farm is located in the south-east of Spain (Almeria) in a peculiar and strategic situation, as it is surrounded by a massive plantation of orange and lemon trees (700 ha). Fruits that are not appropriate for the human consumption market and branches+ leaves from cleaning and pruning are provided free of charge to the farmer daily who offers them directly to the animals. On the other hand, the manure produced in the dairy farm is provided to the citric company as organic fertilizer. Due to the particular weather conditions in this region of Spain (10-30ºC) housing facilities are not needed throughout the year. The farm is run by a family (2 members) and one long term worker. They don´t have bank loans and use a  low-input approach in terms of investments, financials, feeding, fertilizers, etc. Goats’ milk is sold through a cooperative for cheese making. Feeding is based on oranges and leaves according to the season, from January to June, leaves are fresh-green and from June to December leaves are sun dried. Concentrate feeds are offered during milking curve according to animals´ requirements and the supply of nutrients from orange derived products.

We are conducting an ‘on-farm’ trial in this farm as part of WPs 1 and 3 activities to study in depth the feeding management in terms of maximizing the use of by-products and the impact of such strategy on milk production and quality.

Farm type: Low input dairy goats
Staff: 2 family members and 1 worker


Dairy goats: 250
Male goat: 12
Young goat: 406
…………………..Ram: 5
…………………..Ewes: 80 – lambs: 12
…………………..Milk production: (litres per goat per year): 95350

Land data:
Size: 2 ha
Soil type: sandy and light soil

Forage and land use:
Pasture: orange and leaves


Ad libitum. About 80% of the feeding is roughage (orange/leaves)


Local engagement:
Public access is not encouraged, but the farmer is open to appointed visits.


Energy usage per year:
Tractor diesel: 2600 litres
Electricity (farm usage only): 1150 kw hours


Total NPK balance in Kg:





















Biodiversity and nature conservation: No conservation plan. The farm is ‘literally’ surrounded by orange and lemon trees plots (see photos).

Spain Case Farm 1 Sustainability assessment
See background info on the Spanish Case farms

…………………..Spanish Case farm 2



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